Hue is a city in Central Vietnam that was the seat of Nguyen Dynasty Emperors and the national capital from 1802–1945. A major attraction is its vast, 19th-century Citadel, surrounded by a moat and thick stone walls. It encompasses the Imperial City, with palaces and shrines; the Forbidden Purple City, once the emperor’s home; and a replica of the Royal Theater.
The city is located in central Vietnam on the banks of the Perfume River, just a few miles inland from the East Sea. It is about 700 km (430 mi) south of Hanoi and about 1,100 km (680 mi) north of Ho Chi Minh City.
Hue was the capital city of Vietnam for approximately 150 years during the feudal time (1802–1945), and the royal lifestyle and customs have had a significant impact on the characteristics of the people of Hue. That impact can still be felt today.
The cuisine of Hue forms the heart of Central Vietnamese cuisine, but one of the most striking differences is the prominence of vegetarianism in the city. Several all-vegetarian restaurants are scattered in various corners of the city to serve the locals who have a strong tradition of eating vegetarian twice a month, as part of their Buddhist beliefs. Another feature of Huế dishes that sets them apart from other regional cuisines in Vietnam is the relatively small serving size with refined presentation, a vestige of its royal cuisine. Finally, the most interesting feature of Huế cuisine is that it is often very spicy.
In Hue cuisine, it has both luxurious and rustic popular dishes. All are cooked with amazing skills of the Hue people, creating special flavor of Hue food. With such a rich history, Hue’s royal cuisine (food served for the King) is the combination between taste and aesthetic. It consists of several distinctive dishes from small and delicate creations which originally created to please the appetites of Nguyen feudal lords, emperors and their hundreds of concubines and wives. Furthermore, there is another thing making this “amazing cuisine” of Hue special, everything is traditional food. Hue’s traditional cuisine is so distinctive from other regions in the country, which is considered as the best in Vietnam.
Travel to Hue City
Hue is well known for its historic monuments, which have earned it a place in UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites.The seat of the Nguyễn emperors was the Imperial City, which occupies a large, walled area on the north side of the Perfume River. Inside the citadel was a forbidden city where only the emperors, concubines, and those close enough to them were granted access; the punishment for trespassing was death. Today, little of the forbidden city remains, though reconstruction efforts are in progress to maintain it as a historic tourist attraction.
Roughly along the Perfume River from Huế lie myriad other monuments, including the tombs of several emperors, including Minh Mạng, Khải Định, and Tự Đức. Also notable is the Thiên Mụ Pagoda, the largest pagoda in Hue and the official symbol of the city.
In addition to the various touristic attractions in Hué itself, the city also offers day-trips to the Demilitarized Zone lying approximately 70 km (43 mi) north, showing various war settings like The Rockpile, Khe Sanh Combat Base or the Vinh Moc tunnels.
You can see: DMZ Tour from Hue
Although tourism plays a key role in the city’s socio-economic development, it also has negative impacts on the environment and natural resource base. For example, services associated with tourism, such as travel, the development of infrastructure and its operation, and the production and consumption of goods, are all energy-intensive.
Research by the Climate and Development Knowledge Network has identified traditional ‘garden houses’ as having the potential to increase tourist traffic and revenue. Apart from the environmental, economic and cultural benefits provided by garden houses, their promotion could pave the way for other low carbon development initiatives.
Hue has a railway station with connection to all major Vietnamese cities. Phu Bai International Airport is located just south of the city center, far about 20km from the city.
You can see: Hue Airport Transfer
So, if you are a traveler who wants to discover history of Vietnam, Nguyen Dynasty, you shouldn’t miss this place, a small and peaceful city